They usually have a much more complex and rich flavor than most Thai durians have, though, and it can be highly variable from fruit to fruit from the same tree, even from section to section within the same fruit. Leave it somewhere that gets 4-6 hours of direct sunlight a day. Durians can be farmed from Farm Plots.Regular Seeds have a 5% chance of growing Durians. Soak the jackfruit seeds in water for 24 hours. If a hedgehog were a fruit instead of an animal, it might resemble a durian fruit. Plant your seeds outdoors if you get lots of rainfall and high temperatures. Durian trees are surface feeders, and if any weeding is necessary (with a cover crop like perennial peanut, there shouldn’t be much), care should be taken to prevent damage to the roots. In Thailand, it’s customary to harvest durians from the tree by cutting with a knife (sometimes on the end of a long pole), when they are approaching ripeness, but not entirely ripe. Durian fruits vary in size and shape depending on variety and completeness of pollination, but most often are oblong and have an average mass slightly larger than a (U.S.-style) football. (As previously mentioned, it is not clear if this is necessary or advisable in using strictly organic methods. Amen. Chang of Bao Sheng Durian Farm asserts that durians lose 20% to 25% of their full potential for aroma and flavor by being harvested early...and I can understand from eating Malaysian durians what he means.) Click here to view the Brunei Department of Agriculture's durian-grafting instruction pages. Part 2 Durian growers in Thailand are often advised to keep the area under the tree and drip line area free of weeds, manure, and mulch, primarily so as to not create a microclimate suitable for the thriving of Phythophora palmivora disease. Combining fertigation with complementary foliar feeding treatments provides the Durian trees with all the essential nutrients for healthy growth Soil Type: Medium – Heavy. Durian trees can get very big and need space to grow. In most areas of Asia where durians are grown, mean annual rainfall is greater than 2000 mm [75 inches]. Seeds from the durian fruit can be planted outside immediately after taking them out of the fruit, with no germination period necessary. In Sri Lanka, the upper elevation limit for growing durians is said to be 600 m [2000 feet]; in the Philippines, 700 m [2300 feet], in Malaysia, 800 m [2600 feet]. This article was co-authored by Maggie Moran. That’s at the farm, though; just-dropped durians are rushed from farms to the cities of Malaysia where the same durian may readily sell for over twice the farm price. Keep this in mind when you choose a location for your durian.”. The durian tree is ultra-tropical, a native of Southeast Asian equatorial rainforests, and needs much tropical warmth,  abundant moisture, and sunshine to thrive (except for the young trees’ first year, when semi-shade is preferred — simulating rainforest conditions). Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Well-grown, high-yielding cultivars may produce 10 to 15 tons per hectare [9000-13000 pounds per acre] of durian fruits per year by 10 to 15 years after planting. Maggie Moran is a Professional Gardener in Pennsylvania. To grow durian, you’ll have to water the tree often and keep the temperature high. Organic fertilizer will improve the soil by balancing the pH level. Organic matter or compost at the rate of about 5-10 kg [10-20 pounds] is added to each hole, also about 200 gm [1/2 pound] of rock phosphate, and the young trees are planted with as little disturbance to the roots as possible. Healthy durian seeds sprout as quickly and vigorously as bean seeds, usually within a few days but possibly as long as a week. In Southeast Asia, cut surfaces are routinely treated with a fungicide and bitumastic compound (use an organic equivalent). ("It is reported that, in some countries, seedling durian trees have borne fruit at 5 years of age. Only plant your durian outside if you receive somewhere between 60–150 in (150–380 cm) of rain per year, and if the temperature stays above 45 °F (7 °C). The trees may survive occasional dips in temperature as low as 10º C. [50º F.], but may drop their leaves. When I visited both countries in June 1999 at the peak of durian season, the highest-quality durians in Thailand were selling in the marketplaces for the equivalent in U.S. money of about 50 cents a pound; over the border in Malaysia highest-quality durians were selling for the equivalent of US$3.50 a pound at the farm, more in the marketplaces. After 4-5 days, or when the seed starts growing roots, place it on top of a pot filled with equal parts potting soil and organic compost. Durians in Malaysia are thus regarded as highly perishable commodities — those that have fallen within the past 12 hours command very high prices in the marketplaces; after 12 hours the quality is perceived as having diminished and become ordinary, and the price is reduced. The organism gains access to the interior tissues of the tree suitable for its growth through natural or pruning wounds, thus hygienic pruning and using (natural) fungicides are very important to guard against infestation. In low-lying rainy areas, it may be advisable to construct surface drainage systems to prevent that possibility from ever occurring, or to plant only on sloped land, as is done in many areas of Southeast Asia. Yield of up to 200 fruits is common after the 10th year of fruiting". Following planting, young durian trees should be provided with temporary shade and complete wind protection for the first year, as in a shadecloth nursery structure or equivalent. In Malaya, seedlings will bloom in 7 years; grafted trees in 4 years or earlier. Weeding Ring weeding should be done regularly and before fertilization. Durian farmers often grow cover crops to prevent soil erosion, to improve or maintain the soil structure and fertility especially soil nitrogen, to suppress other noxious weeds, to prevent rapid loss of water from the soil through evaporation, and to keep the soil temperature down during hot weather. On Penang, at Bao Sheng farm, the best just-dropped varieties of durians sold in the 1999 season for about the equivalent of US$3.50 a pound, which meant that a typical 4-pound durian cost about US$15 for one fruit. Page, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane, 1984), growers in Thailand employ an unusual type of bottle graft with which many or most of their trees are grown. Seeds are sown immediately after extraction without the necessity of prior drying. Once your durian tree starts producing fruit, increase this to 6–8 L (1.6–2.1 US gal). Depending on variety and climate conditions, it may require from about 85 to 150 days for durians to develop after flower pollination, and if not harvested, they will naturally drop from the tree over about a 10-week period. Due to this, the fruit is banned in multiple countries, as well as in some hotel chains and on some mass transit systems. In areas near the equator where there are no defined wet and dry seasons, as in parts of Malaysia and Sumatra, individual trees commonly bear fruit twice a year, with the peaks in June and December. Symptoms are canker development on the trunk at or just above ground level, and an oozing of brownish-red gum at the collar of the tree, up the trunk and down to the roots, which can result in complete girdling and subsequent death of the tree. (However, if kept in ordinary cool storage, they can be successfully be kept for a week, or as long as a month if surface-sterilized, placed in an airtight container and kept at 20º C. [68º F.]) This high perishability of durian seeds no doubt has been a factor in preventing the durian tree’s widespread dispersal far from its native territories. Only the inner carpels are edible, and an average fruit contains five of them. Good durian plant actually directly in the media for planting directly on the ground. Durians, aka Stink Fruit, are one of five different tropical Fruit found in Animal Cross: New Leaf. In Thailand, the common vigorous Chanee variety is said to serve very well as a rootstock. In tropical areas farther than 10º north or south from the equator, flowering normally starts in the spring months, with an annual harvest in mid-summer to autumn. We planted durians in the north of Thailand between our already-existing rubber trees, using seeds, "I studied how to plant durian seeds properly. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 49,950 times. ; Durian matures between 85 and 150 days after pollination. In tropical areas with distinct wet and dry seasons, for example, India and eastern Java, flowering begins near the end of the dry season. The root system of a durian tree is very sensitive to standing water, and good drainage is essential, which is well taken care of by such sloping situations. Seedlings make more vigorous growth when potted into media that is light and sandy rather than high in clay content. For transport or mailing, the seeds are best immediately placed in moist coconut fiber. The times a few months before flowering, during fruit development, and after harvesting are favored for fertilizing durian trees throughout Southeast Asia. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Most durian growers regard any variety of durian as suitable for a rootstock as long as it is healthy and vigorous. Durians in Thailand have been made a widespread commodity that the majority of average people appear to be able to afford; in Malaysia it appears that durians are in financial reach of primarily only wealthier consumers (not a criticism, just an observation of the way things are). The roots are packed with moist coconut husk fiber and sealed in a plastic bag. b. Planting Durian Seeds Outside . For more tips from our Gardening co-author, including how to plant your durian seed outside, read on! It's just that, durian was still able to grow on media tabulampot. In Thailand, everyone has about a week after harvesting to transport and market the fruit far and wide, whereas the Malaysian practice of only accepting tree-ripened durians necessarily greatly limits their commercial reach and shelf life and makes them very costly to consumers. DURIAN VARIETY. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Thank you very much.". propagation of durian. By the time the durians are fruiting, the banana or papaya plants should be removed, however, as their fruits will draw unwanted pest insects to the area. Chang of Bao Sheng Durian Farm recommends placing topdressed fertilizer just beyond the edge of the root zone so that the trees’ roots will chase after it and expand their reach in the process. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Durian trees are otherwise benefited from manure and mulch, like many other trees). Like papayas, bananas, and avocados, durians do ripen well off the tree, if not cut too soon. -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Seedless Guava air layering propagation" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_3DOVTRIj8 -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Don’t bury the seed, just gently push it into the soil so it’s still visible. Durian trees grow best in a rich, deep, well-drained sandy clay or clay loam (deep alluvial or loamy soil), high in organic matter, pH range of 6 - 7. Provide shade to newly planted durian seedlings for a period of two weeks to a few months depending on weather condition to enable the plant to recover from transplanting shock and to shade it from strong sunlight. Continue reading this article to learn How to Grow Jackfruit!. In equatorial regions, the most favorable time for planting is winter from November through mid-January (and not during the February-May dry season). Unlike most seeds of temperate-climate plants, the big seeds of the ultra-tropical durian tree have a very short period of viability out of the fruit, especially if exposed even briefly to sunlight: only a few days at most. Some higher-elevation microclimates as on the south slopes of gulches, may be suitable though the surrounding area is not. Grafted trees are said to be particularly susceptible due to cracks that often form in the tree structure due to inherent grafting weaknesses. For the lowest prices and good fun, large numbers of Malaysian durian-lovers make pilgrimages to durian farms in various regions of the country during the season to savor the best freshly-dropped durians. Grafted cultivars generally start bearing at 4 to 6 years after planting in the ground; seedlings usually take from 7 to 10 years but have been known to wait as long as 13 to 21 years—powerful incentives to use vegetative propagation. Soak the seeds to speed up the germination process and to help your seedlings to grow faster. In Thailand it is commonly recommended that growers avoid using organic animal manure, as the most troublesome disease of durian trees there, the fungal Phythophera palmivora, is encouraged by the moist fertile conditions at ground level around the trunk created by manure and mulch. Last Updated: May 5, 2020 In these equatorial areas, durian trees do not start flowering in response to any seasonal changes in day length or temperature, but rather are stimulated to flower by periods of dry weather. WHERE TO GROW Durian is an evergreen tree with its canopy taking conical to semi-elliptical shape. :-). We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Durian trees remove a relatively low amount of nutrients from the soil. Make sure it's permissible to grow and cut into durian in your area before you start growing. How long does it take for a durian tree to grow? Sometimes four to five-year old trees can start to flower. Durian Seeds The spacing between one plant and another is recommended between 10 x 10 meters or 12 x 12 meters. The Hawaiian islands in particular have so many microclimates depending on elevation, wind patterns, terrain, and existing vegetation that it may be difficult to give any set rules for this. The recommended method of budding is patch budding. Root area is the ground with enough area for the root to absorb nutrients, fertilizers and water. "Helpful article. One fruit can weigh up to 18 pounds. Historically, though, the better production sites have developed in areas with annual mean rainfall totals of 3000 mm [125 inches] or more, well distributed throughout the year. If you want to try your hand at growing these types of plants, keep it simple and you will probably do just fine. Pruning a. Pruning improves air circulation which results in decreased relative humidity, thus, reducing the incidence of pests and diseases. The leaves are evergreen, elliptic to oblong and 10–18 centimetres (4–7 inches) long.The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx and five (rarely four or six) petals. In Asia, areas with a dry season longer than 3 months are regarded as marginal for durian, unless adequately irrigated, in which case there is no problem. Likewise, for the same purpose, the trunk of the tree is kept free of any water shoots and weak branches up to a height of about 1 m [3 feet] above the ground. Plant propagation can be by seed, but for uniformity, smaller stature, and early maturity, it is better to use clones produced by asexual methods such as graftingand budding. You can grow your own durian tree if the environment is right, or if you mimic the durian tree's tropical environment indoors. These are the upper limits at which it’s possible to grow durians at all, though, not the optimum; on Penang island in Malaysia, few productive durian farms are above 300 m [700 feet]. Native to tropical Asia, the Jackfruit is a giant melon size oblong fruit that is grown in the tropical parts of South-East Asia. Photo: tanipedia.com We use cookies to make wikiHow great. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. References However, growers in the Hawaiian Islands have demonstrated that durian cultivation is quite possible as far north as the island of Kaua‘i at 22 degrees north (1 degree latitude equals about 70 miles or 112 km, at these latitudes). As with any plant or tree, the best way to minimize damage of durian trees or fruit by pests or disease is to keep the soil and tree as maximumly healthy as possible using modern organic methods. Once durian started to grow on me, I had to try and grow it. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. In many places in Southeast Asia, semi-wild durian trees thrive and bear perfectly well on their own with relatively little care. The Brunei Department of Agriculture recommends interplanting durians with bananas and/or papayas. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Check the internet to find out your area's rainfall and average temperatures. (The Brunei Department of Agriculture recommends .5 m deep by 1 meter in diameter.) durians are produced. They are globes up to 12 inches in diameter covered by a spiny husk. Check the internet to find out your area's rainfall and average temperatures. Growth of P. palmivora in Southeast Asia is also controlled by using cultivars known to be resistant. It’s evident that Thais and Malaysians have a good-natured rivalry around their approaches to durians. To prevent damage from hitting the ground or rocks (or people! The fruit stem is cut as long as practically possible, and is often wrapped with a banana leaf or paper, which is said to extend the fruit’s shelf life. The pruning system commonly used in Southeast Asia includes: formative pruning resulting in a main leader; after about age 2 or 3 the interior is thinned out, removing all thin or dead branches and water shoots, encouraging early branching to encourage early bearing, topping to maintain a manageable tree height as the tree grows older, general maintenance pruning contributing to a healthy and productive tree, removing dead, broken or diseased branches and water shoots, and allowing free circulation of air and plenty of sunlight throughout the canopy. Durian seedlings produce highly variable results. However, tropical legume cover crops between trees, such as perennial peanut, are recommended. Malaysian varieties are generally smaller than Thai durians (rarely as large as a soccer ball), many varieties have much thinner spikes, and usually the fruit flesh around the seeds is not as thick as is common in Thai varieties. Consider planting the tree in the shadow of other trees. As inclined to diversity as the durian is, it’s not too surprising that two very different basic approaches to harvesting and eating durians has developed among humans. More cultivation information: Durian chapter (19 pages) from The Production of Economic Fruits in South-East Asia by Othman Yaacob and Suranant Subhadrabandhu (Oxford University Press, New York, 1995). To plant the tree too close together, it snatches nutrients and water from each other. unlocking this expert answer. 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