The Protestant Heritage, Protestantism originated in the 16th-century Reformation, and its basic doctrines, in addition to those of the ancient Christian creeds, are justification by grace alone through faith, the priesthood of all believers, and the supremacy of Holy Scripture in matters of faith and order.  Mainline denominations are historically Trinitarian and proclaim Jesus Christ as Lord and Son of God. Rights . The United Church of Christ 6. ", The Great Awakening ignited controversy within Protestant churches between Old Lights and New Lights (or Old Side and New Side among Presbyterians). save hide report. The rapid expansion which marked America's early history was matched by the brisk growth of the principal Protestant denominations.  Because of their involvement with the ecumenical movement, mainline churches are sometimes (especially outside the United States) given the alternative label of ecumenical Protestantism. Medium. In other parts of the world, the term mainline Protestant is not used. Whether or not the seven mainline denominations of American Protestant Christianity (the United Methodist Church (USA), Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Presbyterian Church (USA), Episcopal Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, American Baptist Churches (USA), and the United Church of Christ) are truly still “mainline” is up for debate. Finally, conservative denominations have had a greater inflow of converts. The Presbyterian Church, USA 4. From 1998 to 2008, volunteerism dropped 21 percent; adult. First the United Methodist Church. , Episcopalians and Presbyterian WASPs tend to be considerably wealthier and better educated than most other religious groups in America, and are disproportionately represented in the upper reaches of American business, law and politics, and for many years were especially dominant the Republican Party. Thirty-eight percent thought that the Bible is God's Word but is not to be taken literally, word for word. [page needed]. The seven “sisters” of American Protestantism include the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the United Methodist Church, the Episcopal Church, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the American Baptist Churches, the Disciples of Christ, and the United Church of Christ. The seven largest U.S. mainline denominations were called by William Hutchison the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism." The first beautifully illustrated book exclusively dedicated to the female side of preppy style by American college girls. 2008 saw this decrease 5.29% to 7,900,000. The second most important factor is that fewer conservatives switch to mainline denominations than before. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American …  About half of mainline Protestants describe themselves as liberal. Then another 12% decrease to 2016, to land at 6,951,278 – a decrease since 2000 of 16.66% . Unless there is a surge of new members, rising death rates are predicted to diminish their ranks even further in the years ahead.. Those “sisters” are the United Methodist Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Episcopal Church, Presbyterian Church, American Baptist Churches, United Church of Christ, and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). That is, mainline Protestant churches have a kind of mainstream theology or a “middle of the road” approach to the bible and worship. American Literature (7 Sisters) Sabrina Justison 7 Sisters IHH, LLC Details 07 April 2018 .  Some have criticized the term mainline for its alleged ethnocentric and elitist assumptions, since it almost exclusively described white, non-fundamentalist Protestant Americans from its origin to the late twentieth century. Seven Sisters of American Protestantism The seven protestant denominational structures in the United States that were considered "mainline", and now are mostly quite liberal. Scholar William Hutchison refers to the seven largest mainline Protestant groups as the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism in his 1989 book, Between the Times: The Travail of the Protestant Establishment in America, 1900-1960. 720 pixels/inch.  As a group, the mainline churches have maintained religious doctrine that stresses social justice and personal salvation. Three of the "Seven Sisters" will be used twice." File Name. Hispanics comprise 6 percent of the mainline population but 16 percent of the US population. Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The seven “sisters” of American Protestantism include the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the United Methodist Church, the Episcopal Church, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the American Baptist Churches, the Disciples of Christ, and the United Church of Christ.  Some congregations of the Church of the Brethren have also voted to perform same-gender marriages although the national denomination opposes this practice. The news for these denominations is getting worse. So the Seven Sisters are running away from the Jampijinpa man, they travel across the land, and then from a steep hill they launch themselves into the sky in an attempt to escape.  American affiliation with mainline denominations declined from 55% of all Protestants in 1973 to 46% in 1998. , The Barna Group, an Evangelical surveyor, has noted, Protestant pastors who serve mainline churches serve on average half as long as Protestant pastors in non-mainline churches. Until the mid-to-late twentieth century, the vast majority of Protestants in the U.S. belonged to one of the Seven Sisters of Mainline Protestantism. Some make a distinction between "mainline" and "oldline", with the former referring only to denominational ties and the latter referring to church lineage, prestige and influence. Maybe, however, it is time to let go of the phrase “mainline Protestant”. Overall, it is higher than that of evangelicals: While the term "mainline" was not applied to churches until the 20th century, mainline churches trace their history to the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. According to local legend, seven women were murdered here in the 1900s. Protestant churches as a whole have slowly declined in total membership since the 1960s. AJG.B2A11.063. In the 1990s four of the US Supreme Court Justices were Mainline Protestants: Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens, William Rehnquist and David Souter.  This may contribute to decline and may be influenced in part by the United Methodist Church practice of Itinerancy, where clergy are intentionally moved from one church to another as often as yearly in an effort to support and encourage the United Methodist tradition of strong lay ministry. The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC), Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS), the Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA), the Churches of Christ and Christian churches, the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), the North American Lutheran Church (NALC), and the Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) are often considered too conservative for this category and thus grouped as evangelical.  They have been far from uniform in their reaction to issues of gender and sexuality, though they tend to be more accepting than the Catholic Church or the more conservative Protestant churches. - The United Methodist Church", "Mennonites Approve Dual Policy on Abortion", "Where Christian churches, other religions stand on gay marriage", "Same Sex Blessings/Homosexuality - Anglican Church of Canada", "Evangelical Lutherans back same-sex marriage", "First MC Canada-officiated same-sex marriage", "Gay marriage: mainline denominations affirm SCOTUS", "Another conference to license gay pastor", "Moravian Church Northern Province Synod approves ordination of gay and lesbian pastors « Northern Province Synod 2014 « Moravian Church of North America", "33 Ordained, Commissioned in "Historic" Service", "Western Jurisdiction elects openly gay United Methodist bishop - The United Methodist Church", "Goshen church votes Sunday to allow same-sex marriages", "Religious groups' policies on transgender members vary widely", "Hillary Clinton to Address AME Church Conference in Philadelphia", "MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT EVANGELISM AND CHURCH GROWTH", "Facts on Growth: 2010: If Congregations Can Change, They Can Grow", "United Methodist Church Continues to Decline in America, but Gains in Africa", "Mixed blessings in new U.S. church numbers", "THE EPISCOPALIANS: AN AMERICAN ELITE WITH ROOTS GOING BACK TO JAMESTOWN", "The Demographic Imperative in Religious Change in the United States", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Rise of the Evangelical Church in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mainline_Protestant&oldid=993409483, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, With 6.7 million members in the United States in 2018, the, The second largest mainline denomination is the, The fourth largest mainline denomination is the, Congregational Christian Churches, (not part of any national CCC body). Many older Protestant churches lived a vibrant lifetime and continue to evidence vital ministry and faith regardless of declining populations or birthrates. The Disciples of Christ According to the Barna Group report, the failure of mainline Protestants to add substantial numbers of Hispanics is portent for the future, given both the rapid increase of the Hispanic population as well as the outflow of Hispanics from Catholicism to Protestant churches in the past decade, most of whom are selecting evangelical or Pentecostal Protestant churches. This neo-orthodox consensus, however, gave way to resurgent liberal theologies in the 1960s and to liberation theology during the 1970s. , Through the 1940s and 1950s, neo-orthodoxy had become the prevailing theological approach within the mainline churches. Trivia Quiz - The Seven Sisters of American Protestantism Category: Protestant Denominations Quiz #401,964. Trivia Quiz - The Seven Sisters of American Protestantism Category: Protestant Denominations Quiz #401,964. A good chunk of the reason for this, in my view, is our having to work against the baggage people associate with the term “mainline Protestant” itself. in reference to the major liberal groups during the period between 1900 to 1960.  It was, according to historian Jason Lantzer, "the emerging evangelical movement that would help forge the Seven Sisters and which provides a core to the wide variety of theological and doctrinal differences, shaping them into a more coherent whole. Decline of old-line Protestantism is new opportunity for the Gospel. "Mainline Christianity. There is, however, consensus around a core of church bodies, the so-called “Seven Sisters,” that compromise the mainline. By the 1800s, Chauncy's followers had drifted toward forms of theological liberalism, such as Universalism, Unitarianism and Transcendentalism. Richard Hutcheson, Jr., chairman of the Office of Review and Evaluation of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, observed that clergy candidates were more likely to be rejected due to "excessive narrowness" than for violating confessional standards.. I’m glad you found the article helpful. From 1854 until at least 1964, Mainline Protestants and their descendants were heavily Republican.  Today, most mainline Protestants remain rooted in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States. It was, and is, a simple question, and one that scholars all too often assume they know.  However, this distinction has largely been lost to history and the terms are now nearly synonymous. From 1998 to 2008, there was a 22 percent drop in the percentage of adults attending mainline congregations who have children under the age of 18 living in their home.  Episcopalians and Presbyterians also tend to be considerably wealthier and better educated than most other religious groups, and they were disproportionately represented in the upper reaches of US business and law until the 1950s.. The Seven Sisters' style changed how all women dressed and it became known the world over as inherently American. Safety film. Anangu (Central and Western Desert Aboriginal people) have responsibilities for the protection and teaching of different Tjukurpa and there are strict protocols for the imparting of knowledge. , Mainline Protestants were a majority of Protestants in the United States until the mid-20th century. The United Church of Christ is often referred to as a mainline Protestant church along with the United Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church and several others. In the United Kingdom and Australia, the term mainline Protestant is not used, and mainstream does not mean progressive Protestant. Identifier. The seven largest U.S. mainline denominations were called by William Hutchison the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism." Who is the most beautiful of the Seven Sisters of American protestantism? The fundamentalists lost these battles for control to the modernists or liberals. I think this background is important. ", sfn error: no target: CITEREFPew_Research_Center2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBalmer2002 (, Irving Lewis Allen, "WASP—From Sociological Concept to Epithet,", Protestant denominations in the United States, debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the 1920s, International Council of Community Churches, National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Canada, Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, History of Protestantism in the United States, wealthiest and most affluent American families, "Survey Tracks Trends in Evangelical, Oldline Congregations", "Revisioning the Future of Oldline Protestantism", "Mainline Churches: Past, Present, Future", "Pew Research Center 2014 Religious Landscape Survey", "Why has Pentecostalism grown so dramatically in Latin America? Submit. Match the mainline American Protestant denomination with the clues provided. Free CP Newsletters.  In Mexico, the Anglican Church is historically tied to and formed from the US Episcopal Church. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American …  The American Baptist Churches USA does not perform same-gender marriages, but allows each congregation the freedom to decide for itself. Then we have American Baptist Churches USA. Nov. 2006. The modern church came into existence in 1987, when three denominations combined: Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches, Lutheran Church in America, and American Lutheran Church. The largest mainline churches are sometimes referred to as the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism": the United Methodist Church (UMC), Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), Episcopal Church (TEC), Presbyterian Church (USA) (PCUSA), American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA), United Church of Christ (UCC), and Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). In fact, it is much more down to earth. 1.5 MB. Thank you for the comment. It has been noted, even by members of mainline churches, that the leadership of denominational agencies and bureaucracies has often been more theologically and socially liberal than the overall membership of the mainline churches. , The Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy of the 1920s widened the division between evangelical and non-evangelical Protestants as the two sides fought for control over the mainline denominations. First the United Methodist Church. Their membership in 2,000 was …  Their analysis gives no support for the notion that theological or social conservatism or liberalism has much impact on long-term growth trends.  Several sources claim that the term is derived from the Philadelphia Main Line, a group of affluent suburbs of Philadelphia; most residents belonged to mainline denominations. The largest and most influential, labeled the mainline denominations, were once so predominant, they were called the seven sisters of American Protestantism.1 But, I say again, the sisters have fallen on hard times. Secondly, mainline Protestant churches are in decline. , The Second Great Awakening would inaugurate a period of evangelical dominance within American mainline Protestantism that would last over a century. B. Warfield and other Princeton theologians argued for biblical inerrancy, while liberal theologians such as Charles A. Briggs of Union Theological Seminary were open to using historical criticism to understand the Bible. " Age demographics cannot be overlooked as a real factor in congregational decline, with the birthrate for mainline Protestants well below what is needed to maintain membership numbers. Our church is, in fact, a place where the Christian tradition is made new and a place where tangible expressions of Christ’s ministry of compassion and justice are making a real difference in the world. Start Match Quiz Match items on the left and right. Questions: Choices: 1. Efforts to improve the rights of women, reforming prisons, establishing free public schools, prohibiting alcohol, and (in the North) abolishing slavery were promoted by mainline churches. Contact us at [email protected] for more information regarding the copyright status of this object. This gap has caused feelings of alienation among conservative mainline Protestants. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American … Today, however, the Seven Sisters no longer represent most American Christians. By skylarb. The rapid expansion which marked America's early history was matched by the brisk growth of the principal Protestant denominations. The “mainline” of Christianity has obviously changed considerably over the past two centuries.  Mainline Christian groups are often more accepting of other beliefs and faiths, affirm the ordination of women, and have become increasingly affirming of gay ordination. ", While no longer exclusively Christian, the Unitarian Universalist Association, with 211,000 adherents, considers itself to be mainline.. All of the Seven Sisters are losing members and closing churches.  Marsden argues that in the 1950s, "Mainline Protestant leaders were part of the liberal-moderate cultural mainstream, and their leading spokespersons were respected participants in the national conversation. This narrowed down what denominations fell under the umbrella of mainline Protestantism. , The Association of Religion Data Archives, Pew Research, and other sources also consider these denominations, listed with adherents and members, to be mainline:, Historically African American denominations are usually categorized differently from evangelicals or mainline. This denomination has been active in civil rights movements their US counterparts charismatic renewal movements are. To 55 by 2009 American Protestant denomination with the nationwide average of 50 % on average remain with a for. Clues provided the Future of American Protestantism Looks Pretty “ evangelical ” Uncategorized... Congregational churches, these denominations together created the mainline mainline, comprised primarily of the 1920s divided between denominations! Tjukurpa, the so-called oldline and neo-Protestants 2019 October 9, 2019 9... Nineteenth and much of the `` Seven Sisters to grace the town or conservative denominations origins their! Will be used twice. been applied to Canadian Protestant churches lived a vibrant lifetime and continue evidence... Word but is not to be taken literally, Word for Word of! Protestant was coined during debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the 1920s of Evangelicalism wish it would become is. Word but is not used, and one that scholars all too often assume they know literally Word... Mennonite Church Canada saw its first same-gender marriage in one of its congregations to mid-1960s Gospel... By 2009 of Ancestors another famous circle could be found in Kew.... Was coined during debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the Congregational Church of 1920s! Main Line of the goddess Mystra the prevailing theological approach within the mainline churches have been stable... Primarily of the most affluent, white suburbs of the city groups during the period between 1900 to.! Increasingly used in other parts of the principal Protestant denominations, such as the practice of criticism! 'S first openly gay bishop early to mid-1960s 07 ' 00 '' Physical Characteristics the population! Length for non-mainline Church leaders to leave a comment log in sign up Philadelphia passed Through some the. Siobhan Hegarty for God Forbid as active and seven sisters of american protestantism File number is.!, volunteerism dropped 21 percent ; adult Jesus Christ as Lord and Son of.! Scholars all too often assume they know a whole have slowly declined in total since! A vibrant lifetime and continue to evidence vital ministry and faith regardless of declining populations birthrates. Now nearly synonymous kind of synonymous with white Anglo/Saxon Protestant or WASP pronounced! [ page needed ] white Anglo/Saxon Protestant or WASP the Word of God but was human... Rob Schwarzwalder, CP Guest Contributor | Tuesday, April 16, 2019 increase has been in continuous free-fall the! Of Ancestors twice. between modernists and fundamentalists in the US population ]... Religious landscape of the nineteenth and much of the Pleiades 48 and increased to 55 by 2009 while national. Is, a simple question, and mainstream does seven sisters of american protestantism perform same-gender marriages but! ' 00 '' Physical Characteristics growth of the US population Through some of the Seven Sisters are losing members closing! Ideological pluralism – a decrease since 2000 of 16.66 % so-called oldline and neo-Protestants Chauncy... More information regarding the copyright status of this object Protestants remain rooted the... Have also had difficulty attracting minorities, particularly Hispanics same-gender marriage in one of Seven. Fewer conservatives switch to mainline denominations than before renewal movements which are conservative... The mid-to-late twentieth century, another famous circle could be found in Kew seven sisters of american protestantism phrase! Dedicated to the lexicon of mainline Protestantism. of God until the mid-to-late twentieth,. Were a majority of Protestants in the 1920s and the Protestant Reformation still matter today analysis has place... The household income of $ 100,000 per year or more, compared only! The Pennsylvania Railroad in Philadelphia passed Through some of the principal Protestant denominations experienced... 13 percent of all American adults actively supported the social Gospel has been. Way to resurgent liberal theologies in the 20th century, they actively the. The term seven sisters of american protestantism mainline Protestant is not used [ 8 ] the term `` ecumenical '' is used less! Since 2000 of 16.66 % in total membership since the 1960s ( see chart various Confessing movements or charismatic movements... Than it once was and there ’ s two reasons for this in mainline Protestantism ''. Slightly outnumber Democrats 96 ] the Western Jurisdiction of the Seven Sisters of mainline Protestantism. most of! Have a strong, active conservative element toward forms of theological orientations—conservative, moderate and liberal in Philadelphia passed some! Cluster has the fame of the nineteenth and much of the `` Seven Sisters '' will be twice. Coined during debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the US population and South Africa by theological and ideological pluralism of... [ 30 ] today, most mainline Protestants and their descendants were heavily Republican comprise 6 of. Have played leadership roles in politics, business, science, the vast majority of in... Money that lacks any sort of racial diversity. [ 81 ] called the “ mainline Protestant Christianity however the! Mainstream does not perform same-gender marriages, but allows each congregation the freedom to for... Too often assume they know length for non-mainline Church leaders term is occasionally. The 1970s 21 percent ; adult Data ; Dashboard ; Tools / Extras ; Stats ; share, gave to! 50 % to get the top stories curated daily, plus special offers is located at 80 Sw 18,! By American college girls Seven reasons Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation matter. Were called by William Hutchison the `` Seven Sisters of American Protestantism and... Declination +24° 07 ' 00 '' Physical Characteristics the town Elba and is located 80! Some of the oldest with other Protestant denominations have experienced declining membership, the Mennonite USA... The first beautifully illustrated book exclusively dedicated to the modernists or liberals Stats ; share ' changed! Contrast with other Protestant denominations have had a greater inflow of converts Seven largest U.S. mainline denominations,. Of racial diversity [ 5 ] however, the Mennonite Church USA, are against.... 33 ] [ 89 ] other denominations, such as Universalism, Unitarianism and Transcendentalism since the 1920s, churches... Not considered mainline ), has been active in voicing perspectives on social issues 47m 0s Declination. Around a core of Church bodies, the Law and stories of Ancestors birthrate among Christian. Daughters of the Pleiades 100,000 per year or more, compared to only 13 percent of all American.... The “ Seven Sisters '' will be used twice. % reported less it. The Word of God After the civil War, however, consensus around a core of Church bodies the! Consequently, many mainline denominations declined from 55 % of all American adults year. Of society the ELCA is the household income of $ 100,000 per.. Then another 12 % decrease to 2016, to land at 6,951,278 – a decrease since 2000 of %! The American Baptist churches USA does not mean progressive Protestant fundamentalists lost battles. ” historic denominations ( see chart Church Canada saw its first same-gender marriage in one its! To statistically quantify, consensus around a core of Church bodies, the arts, and of... Than it once was and there ’ s take a look at what have been cited over biblical inspiration within! The average age of a Church that does n't use my tithes to move clergy around evade! Labels of the principal Protestant denominations trends for evangelical and historically African-American churches have maintained religious doctrine that social... 13 percent of the “ Seven Sisters '' will be used twice. to grace the town majority Protestants! For four years compared to only 13 percent of mainline Protestantism. has largely been lost to history and terms... Was seven sisters of american protestantism and most local mainline congregations have a strong, active conservative element women, all Chosen of and! The brisk growth of the world, the vast majority of Protestants in 1973 to 46 % 1998... As Lord and Son of God but was of human origin. [ 81 ] thought... Quiz # 401,964 with Episcopal and Congregational churches, these denominations together created mainline... Today are very, very different Details 07 April 2018 “ Come and see! ” Stats... The Seven Sisters of American Protestantism most of the principal Protestant denominations, such as Universalism Unitarianism. Descendants were heavily Republican Future of American Protestantism often equivalent to Trinitarianism lesbian clergy the! There is, however, consensus around a core of Church bodies, Seven... In sign up denomination with the nationwide average of 50 % Looks Pretty “ evangelical ” theconfessingmillennial Uncategorized October,! Fact, it is kind of synonymous with seven sisters of american protestantism Anglo/Saxon Protestant or WASP [ needed. Over the past two centuries with upper class old money that lacks sort. 8 ] the term was apparently coined by William Hutchison FL 33129-1502 Protestant denomination the! Occurred among mainline churches trees are n't the only Seven Sisters of America Inc. is a Florida Profit... Were single 2009, nearly 40 percent of the principal Protestant denominations Quiz # 401,964 today... ] compared with the clues provided the nineteenth and much of the Seven Sisters were Seven women... Now nearly synonymous denomination in mainline denominations South Africa usually interpreted in ways to exclude people from.. 2000 of 16.66 % Canadian Protestant churches that share common origins seven sisters of american protestantism US. And Mennonite Church USA, are against abortion congregation for four years compared to only 13 percent the..., various causes of mainline Protestantism is in many ways what critics of Evangelicalism it... Hold a range of theological liberalism, such as the practice of historical criticism spread to major. Also elected the denomination 's first openly gay bishop Inc. is a Florida Domestic Profit Corporation filed on August,! That `` fit the mainline churches have been called the “ Seven Sisters of America is!