The Protestant Heritage, Protestantism originated in the 16th-century Reformation, and its basic doctrines, in addition to those of the ancient Christian creeds, are justification by grace alone through faith, the priesthood of all believers, and the supremacy of Holy Scripture in matters of faith and order. [80] Mainline denominations are historically Trinitarian and proclaim Jesus Christ as Lord and Son of God. Rights . The United Church of Christ 6. "[115], The Great Awakening ignited controversy within Protestant churches between Old Lights and New Lights (or Old Side and New Side among Presbyterians). save hide report. The rapid expansion which marked America's early history was matched by the brisk growth of the principal Protestant denominations. [12] Because of their involvement with the ecumenical movement, mainline churches are sometimes (especially outside the United States) given the alternative label of ecumenical Protestantism. Medium. In other parts of the world, the term mainline Protestant is not used. Whether or not the seven mainline denominations of American Protestant Christianity (the United Methodist Church (USA), Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Presbyterian Church (USA), Episcopal Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, American Baptist Churches (USA), and the United Church of Christ) are truly still “mainline” is up for debate. Finally, conservative denominations have had a greater inflow of converts. The Presbyterian Church, USA 4. From 1998 to 2008, volunteerism dropped 21 percent; adult. First the United Methodist Church. [120], Episcopalians and Presbyterian WASPs tend to be considerably wealthier[121] and better educated than most other religious groups in America,[122] and are disproportionately represented in the upper reaches of American business,[123] law and politics, and for many years were especially dominant the Republican Party. Thirty-eight percent thought that the Bible is God's Word but is not to be taken literally, word for word. [33][34][page needed]. The seven “sisters” of American Protestantism include the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the United Methodist Church, the Episcopal Church, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the American Baptist Churches, the Disciples of Christ, and the United Church of Christ. The seven largest U.S. mainline denominations were called by William Hutchison the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism." The first beautifully illustrated book exclusively dedicated to the female side of preppy style by American college girls. 2008 saw this decrease 5.29% to 7,900,000. The second most important factor is that fewer conservatives switch to mainline denominations than before. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American … [80] About half of mainline Protestants describe themselves as liberal. Then another 12% decrease to 2016, to land at 6,951,278 – a decrease since 2000 of 16.66% . Unless there is a surge of new members, rising death rates are predicted to diminish their ranks even further in the years ahead.[80]. Those “sisters” are the United Methodist Church, Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Episcopal Church, Presbyterian Church, American Baptist Churches, United Church of Christ, and the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). That is, mainline Protestant churches have a kind of mainstream theology or a “middle of the road” approach to the bible and worship. American Literature (7 Sisters) Sabrina Justison 7 Sisters IHH, LLC Details 07 April 2018 . [32] Some have criticized the term mainline for its alleged ethnocentric and elitist assumptions, since it almost exclusively described white, non-fundamentalist Protestant Americans from its origin to the late twentieth century. Seven Sisters of American Protestantism The seven protestant denominational structures in the United States that were considered "mainline", and now are mostly quite liberal. Scholar William Hutchison refers to the seven largest mainline Protestant groups as the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism in his 1989 book, Between the Times: The Travail of the Protestant Establishment in America, 1900-1960. 720 pixels/inch. [14] As a group, the mainline churches have maintained religious doctrine that stresses social justice and personal salvation. Three of the "Seven Sisters" will be used twice." File Name. Hispanics comprise 6 percent of the mainline population but 16 percent of the US population. Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The seven “sisters” of American Protestantism include the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the United Methodist Church, the Episcopal Church, the Presbyterian Church (USA), the American Baptist Churches, the Disciples of Christ, and the United Church of Christ. [101] Some congregations of the Church of the Brethren have also voted to perform same-gender marriages although the national denomination opposes this practice. The news for these denominations is getting worse. So the Seven Sisters are running away from the Jampijinpa man, they travel across the land, and then from a steep hill they launch themselves into the sky in an attempt to escape. [105] American affiliation with mainline denominations declined from 55% of all Protestants in 1973 to 46% in 1998. [110], The Barna Group, an Evangelical surveyor, has noted, Protestant pastors who serve mainline churches serve on average half as long as Protestant pastors in non-mainline churches. Until the mid-to-late twentieth century, the vast majority of Protestants in the U.S. belonged to one of the Seven Sisters of Mainline Protestantism. Some make a distinction between "mainline" and "oldline", with the former referring only to denominational ties and the latter referring to church lineage, prestige and influence. Maybe, however, it is time to let go of the phrase “mainline Protestant”. Overall, it is higher than that of evangelicals: While the term "mainline" was not applied to churches until the 20th century, mainline churches trace their history to the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. According to local legend, seven women were murdered here in the 1900s. Protestant churches as a whole have slowly declined in total membership since the 1960s. AJG.B2A11.063. In the 1990s four of the US Supreme Court Justices were Mainline Protestants: Sandra Day O'Connor, John Paul Stevens, William Rehnquist and David Souter. [27] This may contribute to decline and may be influenced in part by the United Methodist Church practice of Itinerancy, where clergy are intentionally moved from one church to another as often as yearly in an effort to support and encourage the United Methodist tradition of strong lay ministry. The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC), Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS), the Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA), the Churches of Christ and Christian churches, the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA), the North American Lutheran Church (NALC), and the Anglican Church in North America (ACNA) are often considered too conservative for this category and thus grouped as evangelical. [83] They have been far from uniform in their reaction to issues of gender and sexuality, though they tend to be more accepting than the Catholic Church or the more conservative Protestant churches. - The United Methodist Church", "Mennonites Approve Dual Policy on Abortion", "Where Christian churches, other religions stand on gay marriage", "Same Sex Blessings/Homosexuality - Anglican Church of Canada", "Evangelical Lutherans back same-sex marriage", "First MC Canada-officiated same-sex marriage", "Gay marriage: mainline denominations affirm SCOTUS", "Another conference to license gay pastor", "Moravian Church Northern Province Synod approves ordination of gay and lesbian pastors « Northern Province Synod 2014 « Moravian Church of North America", "33 Ordained, Commissioned in "Historic" Service", "Western Jurisdiction elects openly gay United Methodist bishop - The United Methodist Church", "Goshen church votes Sunday to allow same-sex marriages", "Religious groups' policies on transgender members vary widely", "Hillary Clinton to Address AME Church Conference in Philadelphia", "MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT EVANGELISM AND CHURCH GROWTH", "Facts on Growth: 2010: If Congregations Can Change, They Can Grow", "United Methodist Church Continues to Decline in America, but Gains in Africa", "Mixed blessings in new U.S. church numbers", "THE EPISCOPALIANS: AN AMERICAN ELITE WITH ROOTS GOING BACK TO JAMESTOWN", "The Demographic Imperative in Religious Change in the United States", The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Rise of the Evangelical Church in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mainline_Protestant&oldid=993409483, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, With 6.7 million members in the United States in 2018, the, The second largest mainline denomination is the, The fourth largest mainline denomination is the, Congregational Christian Churches, (not part of any national CCC body). Many older Protestant churches lived a vibrant lifetime and continue to evidence vital ministry and faith regardless of declining populations or birthrates. The Disciples of Christ According to the Barna Group report, the failure of mainline Protestants to add substantial numbers of Hispanics is portent for the future, given both the rapid increase of the Hispanic population as well as the outflow of Hispanics from Catholicism to Protestant churches in the past decade, most of whom are selecting evangelical or Pentecostal Protestant churches. This neo-orthodox consensus, however, gave way to resurgent liberal theologies in the 1960s and to liberation theology during the 1970s. [121], Through the 1940s and 1950s, neo-orthodoxy had become the prevailing theological approach within the mainline churches. Trivia Quiz - The Seven Sisters of American Protestantism Category: Protestant Denominations Quiz #401,964. Trivia Quiz - The Seven Sisters of American Protestantism Category: Protestant Denominations Quiz #401,964. A good chunk of the reason for this, in my view, is our having to work against the baggage people associate with the term “mainline Protestant” itself. in reference to the major liberal groups during the period between 1900 to 1960. [116] It was, according to historian Jason Lantzer, "the emerging evangelical movement that would help forge the Seven Sisters and which provides a core to the wide variety of theological and doctrinal differences, shaping them into a more coherent whole. Decline of old-line Protestantism is new opportunity for the Gospel. "Mainline Christianity. There is, however, consensus around a core of church bodies, the so-called “Seven Sisters,” that compromise the mainline. By the 1800s, Chauncy's followers had drifted toward forms of theological liberalism, such as Universalism, Unitarianism and Transcendentalism. Richard Hutcheson, Jr., chairman of the Office of Review and Evaluation of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, observed that clergy candidates were more likely to be rejected due to "excessive narrowness" than for violating confessional standards.[79]. I’m glad you found the article helpful. From 1854 until at least 1964, Mainline Protestants and their descendants were heavily Republican. [30] Today, most mainline Protestants remain rooted in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States. It was, and is, a simple question, and one that scholars all too often assume they know. [5] However, this distinction has largely been lost to history and the terms are now nearly synonymous. From 1998 to 2008, there was a 22 percent drop in the percentage of adults attending mainline congregations who have children under the age of 18 living in their home. [18] Episcopalians and Presbyterians also tend to be considerably wealthier[20] and better educated than most other religious groups,[21] and they were disproportionately represented in the upper reaches of US business and law until the 1950s.[22]. The Seven Sisters' style changed how all women dressed and it became known the world over as inherently American. Safety film. Anangu (Central and Western Desert Aboriginal people) have responsibilities for the protection and teaching of different Tjukurpa and there are strict protocols for the imparting of knowledge. [citation needed], Mainline Protestants were a majority of Protestants in the United States until the mid-20th century. The United Church of Christ is often referred to as a mainline Protestant church along with the United Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church and several others. In the United Kingdom and Australia, the term mainline Protestant is not used, and mainstream does not mean progressive Protestant. Identifier. The seven largest U.S. mainline denominations were called by William Hutchison the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism." Who is the most beautiful of the Seven Sisters of American protestantism? The fundamentalists lost these battles for control to the modernists or liberals. I think this background is important. ", sfn error: no target: CITEREFPew_Research_Center2015 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFBalmer2002 (, Irving Lewis Allen, "WASP—From Sociological Concept to Epithet,", Protestant denominations in the United States, debates between modernists and fundamentalists in the 1920s, International Council of Community Churches, National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches, Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Canada, Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, History of Protestantism in the United States, wealthiest and most affluent American families, "Survey Tracks Trends in Evangelical, Oldline Congregations", "Revisioning the Future of Oldline Protestantism", "Mainline Churches: Past, Present, Future", "Pew Research Center 2014 Religious Landscape Survey", "Why has Pentecostalism grown so dramatically in Latin America? Submit. Match the mainline American Protestant denomination with the clues provided. Free CP Newsletters. [7] In Mexico, the Anglican Church is historically tied to and formed from the US Episcopal Church. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American … [96] The American Baptist Churches USA does not perform same-gender marriages, but allows each congregation the freedom to decide for itself. Then we have American Baptist Churches USA. Nov. 2006. The modern church came into existence in 1987, when three denominations combined: Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches, Lutheran Church in America, and American Lutheran Church. The largest mainline churches are sometimes referred to as the "Seven Sisters of American Protestantism": the United Methodist Church (UMC), Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), Episcopal Church (TEC), Presbyterian Church (USA) (PCUSA), American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA), United Church of Christ (UCC), and Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). In fact, it is much more down to earth. 1.5 MB. Thank you for the comment. It has been noted, even by members of mainline churches, that the leadership of denominational agencies and bureaucracies has often been more theologically and socially liberal than the overall membership of the mainline churches. [120], The Fundamentalist–Modernist Controversy of the 1920s widened the division between evangelical and non-evangelical Protestants as the two sides fought for control over the mainline denominations. First the United Methodist Church. Their membership in 2,000 was … [26] Their analysis gives no support for the notion that theological or social conservatism or liberalism has much impact on long-term growth trends. [29] Several sources claim that the term is derived from the Philadelphia Main Line, a group of affluent suburbs of Philadelphia; most residents belonged to mainline denominations. The largest and most influential, labeled the mainline denominations, were once so predominant, they were called the seven sisters of American Protestantism.1 But, I say again, the sisters have fallen on hard times. Secondly, mainline Protestant churches are in decline. [117], The Second Great Awakening would inaugurate a period of evangelical dominance within American mainline Protestantism that would last over a century. B. Warfield and other Princeton theologians argued for biblical inerrancy, while liberal theologians such as Charles A. Briggs of Union Theological Seminary were open to using historical criticism to understand the Bible. "[109] Age demographics cannot be overlooked as a real factor in congregational decline, with the birthrate for mainline Protestants well below what is needed to maintain membership numbers. Our church is, in fact, a place where the Christian tradition is made new and a place where tangible expressions of Christ’s ministry of compassion and justice are making a real difference in the world. Start Match Quiz Match items on the left and right. Questions: Choices: 1. Efforts to improve the rights of women, reforming prisons, establishing free public schools, prohibiting alcohol, and (in the North) abolishing slavery were promoted by mainline churches. Contact us at [email protected] for more information regarding the copyright status of this object. This gap has caused feelings of alienation among conservative mainline Protestants. Since the Revolutionary War, Mainline Christianity has been comprised of the Seven Sisters of American Protestantism—the Congregational Church, the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Presbyterian Church, the United Methodist Church, the American … Today, however, the Seven Sisters no longer represent most American Christians. By skylarb. The rapid expansion which marked America's early history was matched by the brisk growth of the principal Protestant denominations. The “mainline” of Christianity has obviously changed considerably over the past two centuries. [80] Mainline Christian groups are often more accepting of other beliefs and faiths, affirm the ordination of women, and have become increasingly affirming of gay ordination. "[72], While no longer exclusively Christian, the Unitarian Universalist Association, with 211,000 adherents, considers itself to be mainline.[76][77]. All of the Seven Sisters are losing members and closing churches. 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